Epigenetics influences how our DNA is used by cells. Epigenetic tags are chemical tags that are added to the DNA sequence. Each cell contains epigenetic tags that are added onto stretches of DNA to switch them on or off, resulting in specific cell functions.
For example a DNA methylation tag (a CH3 molecule) is added to a C-base within the DNA sequence, which switches off that part of the DNA.
As we age, our epigenetic information is changed – C-bases that weren’t methylated become methylated and vice versa – the pattern changes.